Materials – Comparing Steel Standards

Foreword of the Author…

Myth and Methodology when comparing Steel Standards

  • When comparing steel standards from different national and international standard development organizations, there is no such thing as equivalent steel standards.
    At best, one may be able to group comparable steel standards together based on some defined set of rules. For example, ASTM A 516/A 516M Grade 70 is comparable to JIS G 3118 symbol SGV 480 and to EN 10028-2 steel name P295GH, based on chemical requirements and mechanical properties. Yet they are not equivalent since there are differences in their chemical compositions and mechanical properties.
    Comparing steel standards is not an exact science and cannot be made into a mathematical equation where two sides of an equation are equal to one another, since there will always be differences between standards.
  • There are also different standards that share the same grades of steel. For example, ASTM A 485 and EN ISO 683-17 share seven identical bearing steel grade chemical requirements, yet the body of each standard is different (that is, grain size, hardenability, microstructure and hardness, inspection, testing, etc.). As a result, these seven bearing steels within these two standards are not equivalent, but are comparable.

Only a start to indicate, which Materials may be similar

Trade Name ASTM Grade Werkstoff
Nummer
Grade
S235JR 1.0037 S235JR
ST 52.3 1.0570 ST 52-3
CS (C22) 1.0402 C22
CS (C22.8) 1.0460
Low Temp CS 1.0508 TT St E 36
High Yield Steel
3.1/2 Nickel Steel 1.5639
5 Chrome 1/2 Moly 1.7362 12CrMo19.5
1.1/4 Chrome
1/2 Moly
1.7733
1.7335
24CrMoV-55
13 CrMo 44
2.1/4 Chrome 1/2 Moly 1.7380 10CrMo9.10
9 Chrome 1 Moly 1.7386
X12 Chrome 091 Moly 1.4903
13 Chrome
17-4PH 1.4542
153 MA 1.4818
201 1.4372
202 1.4371 X3CrMnNiN1887
248 SV 1.4418
253 MA 1.4835
254 SMo A312 A403 WPS31254 1.4547
Trade Name ASTM Grade Werkstoff
Nummer
Grade
301 1.4310 X12CrNi177
X10CrNi188
301LN 1.4318 X2CrNiN187
302 1.4300
1.4319
X12CrNi188
303 1.4305 X10CrNi189
304 A312 A403 WP304 1.4301 X5CrNi1810
X5CrNi189
304H 1.4948 X6CrNi1811
304L 1.4306
1.4307
X2CrNi1911
304LN 1.4311 X2CrNiN1810
305 1.4303
1.4312
X5CrNi1812
308 1.4303 X8CrNi1812
309 A312 A403 WP309 1.4828 X15CrNiSi2012
309S 1.4833 X7CrNi2314
310 1.4845
310L 1.4335 X1CrNi2521
310S A312 A403 WP310S 1.4845 X12CrNi2521
310 314 A312 A403 WP310 1.4841 X15CrNiSi2520
316 A312 A403 WP316 1.4401
1.4436
X5CrNiMo17122
X5CrNiMo17133
X5 CrNiMo1810
316Cb 1.4580 X6CrNiMoNb17122
316F 1.4427 X4CrNiMoS1811
316H 1.4919 X8CrNiMo1712
Trade Name ASTM Grade Werkstoff
Nummer
Grade
316L 316 316L A312 A403 WP316L 1.4404
1.4432
X2CrNiMo17132
X2CrNiMo17123
X2 CrNiMo1810
316LHMO 1.4435 X2CrNiMo18143
316LN 1.4429
1.4406
X2CrNiMoN17133
X2CrNiMoN17122
316Ti A312 A403 WP316Ti 1.4571 X6CrNiMoTi17122
317 A312 A403 WP317 1.4449 X5CrNiMo1713
317L A312 A403 WP317L 1.4438 X2CrNiMoN18164
317LNM A312 A403 WP317LNM 1.4434
1.4439
X2CrNiMoN17135
318 1.4583 X10CrNiMoNb1812
321 A312 A403 WP321 1.4541 X6CrNiTi1810
X10CrNiTi189
321H 1.4878 X12CrNiTi189
327 1.4821 X20CrNiSi254
329 1.4460 X4CrNiMo2751
330 1.4864 X12NiCrSi3616
347 A312 A403 WP347 1.4550 X6CrNiNb1810
X10CrNiNb189
348 1.4546 X5CrNiNb1810
353 MA 1.4854
403 1.4000 X6Cr13
405 1.4002
1.4724
X6CrAI13
X10CrAI13
409 1.4512 X6CrTi12
Trade Name ASTM Grade Werkstoff
Nummer
Grade
410 A268 A815 1.4006
1.4024
X12Cr13
X15Cr13
410S 1.4001 X7Cr14
414 1.4008 G-X8CrNi13
416 1.4005 X12CrS13
420 1.4021
1.4034
1.4028
X20Cr13
X38Cr13
420C 1.4034 X46Cr13
420F 1.4028 X30C13
422 1.4935 X20CrMoWV121
429 X10CrNi15
430 1.4016 X6Cr17
430F 1.4104 X12CrMoS17
430Ti 439 1.4510 X3CrTi17
431 1.4057 X20CrNi172
434 1.4113 X6CrMo171
440 444 1.4521 X2CrMoTi182
440A 1.4109
1.4110
X65CrMo14
X55CrMo14
440B 1.4112 X90CrMoV18
440C 1.4125 X105CrMo17
440F
442 X10Cr25
446-1 1.4749 X18CrN28
Trade Name ASTM Grade Werkstoff
Nummer
Grade
630 (17-4PH) 1.4542 X5CrNiCuNb174
631 (17-7PH) 1.4568 X7CrNiAI177
633 (AM350)
634 (AM355)
654 SMo 1.4652
660 (A286) 1.4980 X5NiCrTi2515
904L B677 A403 WP904L 1.4539 X1NiCrMoCu25205
AL-6XN®
Alu 6061 B241 B361 WP6061 3.3211
Alu 5154 B241 B361 WP5154 3.3635
Alu 5083
Carpenter 20
B241B729 B361 WP5083
B366 WP20CB
3.3547
2.4660
Cunifer® 10 B466 2.0872 CuNi10Fe
Cunifer® 30 B466 2.0882 CuNi30Fe
CU 5MCuC
Duplex 4462 A190 A815 1.4462 X2CrNiMoN2253
Ferralium® 255 A790 A815
Nicrofer 5923 hMo
(Alloy 59)
2.4605 NiCr22Mo
Nickel 200 B161 B366 WPN 2.4066
Nickel 201 B161 B366 WPNL 2.4068
Magnesium 3.5312
Trade Name ASTM Grade Werkstoff
Nummer
Grade
Monel® 400 B165 B366 WPNC 2.4360
Monel R-405
Monel® K500 2.4375
Incoloy® 25-6MO 1.4529 X1NiCrMoCuN25207
Incoloy® 800 B163 B366 WPNIC 1.4876 X10NiCrAITi3320
Incoloy® 800H B407 B366 WPNIC10 1.4958
Incoloy® 800HT B366 WPNIC11 1.4959
Incoloy® 825 B423 B366 WPNICMC 2.4858 NiFe30Cr21Mo3
Inconel® 600 B167 B366 WPNCI 2.4816
Inconel® 601
Inconel® 617
Inconel® 625 B444 B366 WPNCMC 2.4856 NiCr22Mo9Nb
Inconel® 690
Inconel® 718
Inconel® X750 2.4669
Trade Name ASTM Grade Werkstoff
Nummer
Grade
Hastelloy® B2 B622 B366 WPHB-2 2.4617
Hastelloy® B3 2.4600
Hastelloy® C
Hastelloy® C22 B622 B366 WPHC22 2.4602 NiCr21Mo14W
Hastelloy® C276 B622 B366 WPHC276 2.4819
Hastelloy® C4 B622 B366 WPHC4 2.4610
Hastelloy® G B366 WPHG
Hastelloy® G3 B366 WPHG3
Hastelloy® G30 B366 WPHG30
Hastelloy® X B366 WPHX
SAF 2507 A790 A815 1.4469 G-X-25Cr7Ni4MoN
SAF 2304 1.4362
Sanicro® 28 1.4563
Ultimet 2.4681
Tantalum®
Titanium GR. 1 3.7025
Titanium GR. 2 B337/B861 B363 WPT-2 3.7035
Titanium GR. 3 3.7055
Titanium GR. 5 B337/B861 3.7165
Titanium GR. 7 B337/B861 B363 WPT-7 3.7235
Zirconium® 702 B653 PZ(Gr)
Zirconium® 705
Zeron 100 1.4501
Trade Name ASTM Grade Werkstoff
Nummer
Grade